Illinois and Missouri residents alike know how harmful a car accident can be. These incidents cost billions of dollars each year as well. The following are just some of the most common car accident injuries. Victims can learn more about each of these from their doctor.

The impact of a crash can send vehicle occupants’ heads into the steering wheel, dashboard or windows, causing head trauma. This can lead to a fractured skull, hearing and vision loss and traumatic brain injuries, characterized by everything from mild concussions to serious cognitive disorders. Spinal cord injuries could also result, damaging nerves, herniating discs and creating temporary or permanent paralysis.

In many accidents, especially rear-end collisions, whiplash can occur. This snapping back of the head and neck damages the neck muscles and ligaments. Victims could also suffer trauma to their lungs and internal organs, for instance through impact with the steering wheel. Sharp objects could also pierce them or cut their arms, legs, hands and feet. Pedestrians and motorcyclists, for their part, could suffer broken bones and even severed limbs. Emotional distress, namely PTSD, is also known to develop.

Keeping track of injuries, medical treatments and any signs of emotional trauma is important for victims of serious car accidents. That way, they can strive for the maximum settlement possible when filing a claim against the responsible driver. A lawyer could aid in the process by bringing in accident investigators, photographers, medical experts and other third parties. A lawyer could also seek a settlement from the at-fault motorist’s insurance company, taking the case to court if the offer is inadequate.